The measure of lexical proximity : the case of EXORCISE BOG(E)Y


All the same, the Treasury letter was a pleasant reminder of the esteem in which he was held. To meet authority at its most impersonal level had been a new experience for him, and he had felt a certain interested speculation in how far his deep convictions would carry him against the world of Kafka’s ‘they’. And now that little bogy had been exorcized with the rest!   
(Angus Wilson, Hemlock and After, Penguin ed., pp. 9-10 ; French tr. by Marie Tadié (1954), La ciguë et après, Robert Laffont, 10-18, domaine étranger, p. 8 : Et voilà que ce petit croquemitaine-là avait été exorcisé comme les autres !)

 

Fig1: BOGEY in defidic

IDNUM=     47255
HEADWORD=  bogey
LEMMA=     bogey
LEMMATYPE= standard
POS=       n
S/STYLE=   sl Br
INDICATOR= in nose
TRANS=     crotte {coll} {f} de nez
 ORIGIN=    efm

IDNUM=     47256
HEADWORD=  bogey
LEMMA=     bogey
LEMMATYPE= standard
POS=       n
LABELS=    golf
INDICATOR= in golf
TRANS=     bogey {m}, bogée {m}
ORIGIN=    efm

IDNUM=     47257
HEADWORD=  bogey
LEMMA=     bogey
LEMMATYPE= standard
POS=       n
INDICATOR= to frighten people + frightening
TRANS=     épouvantail {m}, démon {m}
ORIGIN=    efm

IDNUM=     47258
HEADWORD=  bogey
LEMMA=     bogey
LEMMATYPE= standard
POS=       n
INDICATOR= evil spirit
TRANS=     croquemitaine {m}
ORIGIN=    ohef

IDNUM=     47259
HEADWORD=  bogey
LEMMA=     bogey
LEMMATYPE= standard
POS=       n
INDICATOR= imagined fear
TRANS=     spectre {m}
ORIGIN=    ohef

IDNUM=     47260
HEADWORD=  bogey
LEMMA=     bogey
LEMMATYPE= standard
POS=       n
INDICATOR= bugbear
TRANS=     bête noire
ORIGIN=    rcef

 

 

Fig. 2: EXORCIZE  in defidic

From Oxford-Hachette :
IDNUM=     92101
HEADWORD=  exorcize
LEMMA=     exorcize
LEMMATYPE= standard
POS=       vtr
POSTCOLL=  demon, memory, past
TRANS=     exorciser
ORIGIN=    ohef

From Robert-Collins :
IDNUM=     92098
HEADWORD=  exorcise
LEMMA=     exorcise
LEMMATYPE= standard
POS=       vtr
TRANS=     exorciser
ORIGIN=    rcef

 

 

Results from LEXDIS

(queries yielding 0 weight are left out)

 

QUERY: [demon, n, spirit, n, w:none, m:g, adjust]

demon with POS=n is related to spirit with POS=n with weight=39 as follows: Shared Labels: [my] -> weight: 4

Shared words in definition: [considered, spirit, supernatural, force, activity, believed, peoples, energy] -> weight: 44

Cooccurence in Roget's thesaurus  -> weight: 1

Penalty for Heavy Lexical Items  -> neg_weight: - 10

 

QUERY: [demon, n, bugbear, n, w:none, m:g, adjust]

demon with POS=n is related to bugbear with POS=n with weight=1 as follows: Shared words in definition: [monster] -> weight: 2

Penalty for Heavy Lexical Items  -> neg_weight: - 1

 

QUERY: [memory, n, spirit, n, w:none, m:g, adjust]

memory with POS=n is related to spirit with POS=n with weight=6 as follows: Shared words in definition: [ideas, thoughts, died, power] -> weight: 12

Shared words in examples: [good, last] -> weight: 2

Cooccurence in R/C-Oxf/Hach extended lemma db  -> weight: 3

Penalty for Heavy Lexical Items  -> neg_weight: - 11

=>

 

Demon

Nose

0

Demon

Spirit

39

Demon

Golf

0

Demon

Frightening

0

Demon

Fear

0

Demon

Bugbear

1

Memory

Nose

0

Memory

Spirit

6

Memory

Golf

0

Memory

Frightening

0

Memory

Fear

0

Memory

Bugbear

0

Past

Nose

0

Past

Spirit

0

Past

Golf

0

Past

Frightening

0

Past

Fear

0

Past

Bugbear

0

 

 

BOG(E)Y translated as :

 

Spirit

45

Croquemitaine

 

 

Fear

0

Spectre

Nose

0

Crotte de nez

Golf

0

Bogée

Frightening

0

Épouvantail

Bugbear

1

Bête noire